Types Of Mosquitoes
Mosquitoes exist across the planet. we have more than 3,000 mosquito species that have been identified. They are sorted in 39 categories.
Around 174 species can be found in North America and Middle America. Different types of mosquitoes have different habits.
The four most popular types of mosquitoes in the United States are:
- The House Mosquito
- The Southern House Mosquito
- The Asian Tiger Mosquito
- The Yellow Fever Mosquito
Some of the most common types of mosquitoes in the United States are called house mosquitoes. Species of mosquitoes that belong to this most popular group.
Cx. Pipiens mosquito is most common in the Northern part of the United States. Pale brown in color with white stripes, it is often found in polluted water that has been left standing. Storm drains, birdbaths, pet dishes, and old tires are popular breeding sites for these types of mosquitoes. The female mosquito of this group can lay anywhere from 50 to 400 eggs at one time. They need 10 to 14 days to hatch although they can take longer, depending on the weather.
This species of mosquitoes, also sometimes referred to as Culex fatigans, is most common in tropic and sub-tropic regions. It shares many of the same habits and behavioral aspects of the house mosquito, but is found in Southern areas of the United States and is popular also in Florida. Also a nighttime feeder, this mosquito can also transmit the West Nile virus (WNV).
ASIAN TIGER MOSQUITO
These mosquitoes have bright white or silver stripes on its abdomen, thorax, and legs. Other types of mosquitoes belonging to Culex, the female Asian tiger mosquito is a daytime feeder and can be an aggressive biter. Males do not bite.
Types of mosquitoes belonging to the genus Aedes have similar breeding habits. Females often lay eggs in clean, standing water. They are drawn to containers such as birdbaths or flowerpots. Eggs that have been flooded after a rainstorm can hatch in a short amount of time under the correct temperatures, making it easier for these mosquito types to spread. Species of mosquitoes belonging to Aedes tend to be weak flyers and often won’t travel more than one-half of a mile away from their original breeding sites.
The Asian tiger mosquito was first discovered in the United States in 1985. Since then, it has competed for space with the yellow fever mosquito, which was once the most prominent species of Aedes in the country. They can spread more than 30 viruses. These diseases include equine encephalitis, Cache Valley virus, dengue, and St. Louis and LaCrosse encephalitis viruses. Despite this, different types of mosquitoes belonging to Aedes have proven more efficient than the Asian tiger at transmitting disease.
YELLOW FEVER MOSQUITO
The yellow fever mosquito has been known to the United States for many centuries.
Because both types of mosquitoes belonging to the Aedes genus, this group of mosquitoes have similar feeding and breeding habits to the Asian tiger. However, the population of the yellow fever mosquito has declined in many areas following the arrival of the Asian tiger mosquito, although it is still prevalent in some regions.
The yellow fever mosquito is more commonly found in urban areas of Southern Florida, and in cities along the coasts of Texas and Louisiana. It can also be found on the East Coast to New York.